Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally, causing
more deaths than all other causes combined, and they strike hardest at the world’s low and middle-income populations. Currently NCDs causes over 63% of deaths globally, with 80% of these deaths occurring in developing countries.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that NCDs will cause 73% of global deaths and 60% of the burden of disease by 2020.
Besides the burden of deaths and disability, non-communicable diseases pose a greater social and economic burden to the economy. Several factors are implicated in this increasing burden; longer average lifespan, tobacco use, decreasing physical activity, harmful use of alcohol and increasing consumption of unhealthy foods. Fortunately, non-communicable diseases are largely preventable. Up to 80% of premature deaths from heart disease, stroke and diabetes can be averted with evidence based behavioral and pharmaceutical interventions.
Despite the aforementioned, the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases gets inadequate attention particularly in Sub Saharan Africa where the double burden of both NCD and Communicable diseases is being experienced.
In Kenya NCD accounts for more than 50% of total hospital admissions and over 55% of hospital deaths. It is in this regard that the Ministry of Health and partners have developed this strategic document to serve as a comprehensive guide to addressing this emerging epidemic.
The goal of this national NCD prevention and control Strategy is to reduce the preventable burden of morbidity,
mortality and disability due to Non-communicable diseases through multi-sectoral collaboration at the county and national levels, to ensure the highest attainable standards of health and productivity throughout
the life cycle for sustainable socioeconomic development.