International institute for legislative in partnership with Africa Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) has embarked on a two-year project aimed at advocating for effective implementation of Tobacco policies and Legislations in Kenya. The project targets 5 counties in Kenya. The first reference group has been held with representatives from the Ministry of Health (MOH), Nairobi City County, and Civil Scociety organizations, Kenya Tobacco Control Alliance (KETCA).
The objective of the project is: 1) Increased implementation and enforcement of laws and programs focused on the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). 2) Adoption of legislation and policies compliant to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) 3) Increased public, media and policy makers awareness of the harmful effects of tobacco and to promote change in attitude and perception related to tobacco use
Background of the project
According to the Global Adults Tobacco Survey (GATS, 2014), 19.1% of men and 4.5% of women (overall, 11.6%) currently use tobacco products, constituting 2.5 million adults. 15.8% of men and 0.8% of the women (overall, 7.8%) currently use smoked products (1.7 million adults), while 5.3% of men and 3.8% of women (overall, 4.5%) currently use smokeless tobacco products (1.0 million adults. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) 2013 found that 9.9% overall; (12.8% boys and 6.7% girls) currently used tobacco products; with 4.9% overall (7.4% boys and 2.6% girls) using smoking cigarettes while 3.9% overall (4.3% boys and 3.3% girls) currently using smokeless tobacco.
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs), for which tobacco is a risk factor, currently account for more than 55% of the mortality in the country and 50% of the public-hospital admissions. In addition to the health issue, the environmental impact of tobacco-growing is also a concern, because wood from natural forests is being burned to cure tobacco leaves.